The hottest natural gas price reform or ice breaki

2022-08-23
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Since the second half of the year, with the further recovery of the economy and the rapid recovery of electricity and gas demand, the rise of electricity prices and gas prices has once again become the focus. Recently, it was reported that the natural gas price reform is expected to break the ice by the end of the year. The central government is considering the natural gas price reform proposal of the test method of Tianmo tensile testing machine. According to the proposal, the ex factory price of natural gas may be increased by 20%-30%. It is understood that the new pricing plan will implement a comprehensive weighted average method: compromise the price of domestic gas and imported gas, increase the price of domestic gas and reduce the price of imported gas. After the weighted average of the two kinds of natural gas, the national development and Reform Commission will determine the regional gate station prices, which are different in different regions. Realize the synchronous linkage between upstream and downstream, and finally form "one province, one price". Beijing, Shanghai, Guangdong and other places implement different price standards

in the long run, promoting the reform of resource product prices and environmental protection charges is not only an objective need to improve the socialist market economic system and improve the efficiency of resource allocation, but also an urgent requirement to promote energy conservation and emission reduction and promote the transformation of China's economic development mode. In this context, the price reform of resource products seems to be a trend

the negative impact of guiding prices is becoming more and more obvious

for a long time, electric power, natural gas and other products have been regarded as public consumption products, and their prices are guided and priced by the government, which makes the price level of electric power and natural gas lower than the market average level, and it is difficult to form a benign price transmission mechanism, affecting the speed and level of industrial development. For example, in terms of natural gas, with the improvement of people's living standards and the diversified development of natural gas energy applications, China's natural gas consumption has maintained rapid growth. Long term low prices have accelerated this consumption growth to a certain extent. Due to the low price, the enthusiasm of enterprises for production has declined, and the output growth has been slow. The focus on the development of graphene based sensors, touch devices, electronic components and other products is slow, which makes the contradiction between supply and demand in the market more prominent. In terms of power, the coal price was low before, and the government guided pricing could not be reduced with the decline of coal price. Therefore, power enterprises made huge profits, leading to the development of the power industry. Finally, overcapacity was caused by the regular inspection and revision of experimental machines, which led to a serious situation. The current situation is that in recent years, coal prices have risen sharply, and the guiding price has not been adjusted accordingly according to market changes, resulting in serious losses for power enterprises. The game between coal and electricity is also more intense. As a result, the price reform of power and other resources is imperative

coordinating the interests of all parties is a difficult problem

resource price reform has become a general trend, but the biggest problem of current price reform is that price reform touches too many interest groups. Under the condition of ensuring the normal interests of hundreds of millions of consumers, it is very difficult to introduce a reform plan that can coordinate the interests of all parties upstream and downstream of the industry

take natural gas as an example. At present, the price of natural gas in China is lower than that in the international market, forming an upside down trend. With the increasing volume of natural gas imports, different stakeholders in the upstream and downstream of the domestic natural gas industry chain have suffered one after another. They urgently require docking with the price of overseas natural gas source ports to safeguard their own interests. Although production enterprises urgently require that commodity prices "keep pace with the world", the problem is quite complex. For example, in 662 cities in China, more than 200 natural gas pipelines have been built, involving hundreds of millions of consumers. If the price of natural gas rises, it is bound to greatly increase the cost of living burden of these consumers. In the face of this situation, perhaps after multi-party game, it is possible to introduce a pricing mechanism that takes into account the interests of multiple parties, so as to operate smoothly in the market. Similarly, electricity price reform is no exception

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