The hottest natural gas price reform has been furt

2022-08-09
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Natural gas price reform has been promoted again

as a "solid ice" in the price reform in the field of resources, natural gas price reform is moving forward in the game. According to the economic information daily, since this year, the relevant departments have discussed and formed a preliminary plan to promote the marketization of natural gas prices. The ultimate goal is to achieve the liberalization of natural monopoly pipeline gas distribution prices, gas sources and sales prices by the government during the 13th Five Year Plan period

according to this general idea, the supervision and review of natural gas pipeline transportation costs have been carried out in the past three months, and the analysis report has been written. The relevant national departments have preliminarily formulated the pipeline transportation price management measures, and are further seeking opinions. Under the pressure of cost reduction, Guangdong, Zhejiang and other provinces have taken the lead in the reform of provincial pipeline transportation fees and urban gas distribution prices

insiders pointed out that the reform of natural gas price needs the supporting promotion of the reform of the whole industrial chain system, otherwise many negative effects may occur. It is understood that at present, several opinions on deepening the reform of the oil and gas system have been revised for several rounds, and supporting rules involving specific issues such as the setting of access thresholds are also being formulated

the market-oriented reform of natural gas prices in China began in 2005, when the national development and Reform Commission decided to change the ex factory price of natural gas into a unified government guided price. In 2011, price linkage was piloted in some regions, and the "market net return method" was piloted in Guangdong and Guangdong provinces. This model was extended to the national non residential gas consumption field in 2013, and residential gas began to gradually implement stepped gas prices. In 2015, the national development and Reform Commission launched price reform measures twice, truly completing the merger of non resident stock gas and incremental gas, and relaxing the price management of the highest gate station as the price management of the benchmark gate station

according to the "several opinions on promoting the reform of price mechanism that should be adjusted or purged" issued by the CPC Central Committee and the State Council, by 2017, prices in competitive fields and links will be basically liberalized. The national development and Reform Commission made it clear that natural gas sources and sales prices should be gradually liberalized during the 13th Five Year Plan period. "Since this year, relevant departments have been promoting market-oriented reform. There has been some discussion before the development of China's plastic machinery. The reform will involve the adjustment of interests, so there are some disputes, but the basic principle is clear, that is, to 'control the middle and let go of both ends', that is, the natural gas price has changed from the' market net return method 'to the market-oriented pricing method, and the government has changed from setting the gate station price in the past to setting the intermediate pipeline transmission and distribution price." Relevant industry associations told the economic information daily

it is understood that at present, the upstream exploration and development and midstream transmission and distribution of natural gas in China are highly concentrated in the hands of three major state-owned oil companies, PetroChina, Sinopec and CNOOC. Among them, PetroChina's natural gas production and pipeline mileage account for 75.5% and 86.5% of the country respectively, and more than 80% of LNG terminals belong to PetroChina. Under the condition of ensuring the international long-term contract and its own sales interests, "three barrels of oil" naturally does not have the enthusiasm to open infrastructure. In addition, the current management system is complex. From the trunk line to the user terminal, it also includes many intermediate links such as provincial pipe, municipal pipe and urban gas pipe. A large part of the gas consumption cost is spent on the pipeline transportation cost

"the current price reform of natural gas focuses on improving the mechanism. The first is to realize the independence of management in the midstream. Because the management is not independent, the marketization of natural gas can never be achieved. As for whether to establish one or more independent management companies, there is no final conclusion at present." China University of petroleum, China oil and gas moth resistant; Wood flour used in wood plastic industry can achieve weight loss of up to 20%, said Dong Xiucheng, director of the wood flour industry development research center

the first step is to achieve financial independence. It is understood that since March this year, local price authorities have regularly supervised and reviewed the transportation costs of inter city natural gas pipelines in the province and the transportation costs of short-distance natural gas pipelines in the city, involving a series of situations such as enterprise finance, natural gas purchase and sales, pipeline transportation volume and turnover, pipeline construction, pipeline transportation costs, and so on. On this basis, the pipeline transportation costs have been re verified. In the future, the price of natural gas paid by users is the transaction price of the supply and demand sides plus the pipeline transportation fee

according to the survey and statistics of anxins, the provincial natural gas pipeline transmission prices vary from 0.15 yuan/cubic meter to 0.5 yuan/cubic meter, and a considerable number of provinces are above 0.25 yuan/cubic meter. At present, compared with low-cost alternative energy such as coal, liquefied petroleum gas and fuel oil, the price advantage of natural gas is not obvious. Under the background of the gloomy economic situation at home and abroad and the great demand for cost reduction of enterprises, Guangdong, Zhejiang and other places have successively issued documents to further reduce the provincial pipeline transportation fees and the gas distribution prices of urban gas enterprises. Some other provinces are also studying and improving the formation mechanism of provincial natural gas transmission prices and reducing the gas distribution prices of urban gas enterprises

according to hanxiaoqing, an analyst at axis, the purchase price of upstream gas source of Zhejiang Natural Gas Development Co., Ltd. has not changed so far. Therefore, while its sales price requirements are reduced, the company can only reduce its provincial pipeline transportation price, "the provincial natural gas pipeline transportation fee of Zhejiang Province calculated by the national development and Reform Commission was about 0.3 yuan/cubic meter, but now the average price is less than 0.2 yuan/cubic meter"

Guangdong Natural Gas Pipeline Co., Ltd. also lowered the power plant users' agent transmission price and industrial and commercial users' agent transmission price by about 0.02 yuan/cubic meter. Jiangxi implements the "one enterprise, one policy" model and the upstream and downstream price linkage mechanism for large natural gas users in the province, that is, the provincial management companies, gas enterprises in terminal cities and industrial enterprises jointly negotiate and sign gas supply agreements to implement gas preferences

"while the short-term upstream gas price cannot be adjusted, reducing the price of non residential gas may be an option to reduce the gas distribution price of provincial transportation and urban gas enterprises. Through research and statistics, it is found that in addition to reducing the provincial pipeline transmission price, there is still a certain compression space in the gas distribution price of urban gas enterprises in the sales price of non residential gas terminals." Han Xiaoqing said

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