Current situation and Countermeasures of fire safe

2022-08-17
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The current situation and Countermeasures of fire safety at construction sites

in recent years, the social economy has developed rapidly. On June 7, the spot market of steel raw materials rose and fell, the urbanization process has been accelerating, and a large number of buildings have been constructed one after another. However, at present, the laws and regulations of our country are still blank in the management of fire safety and the allocation of fire-fighting facilities on the construction site of projects under construction. In addition, the composition of migrant workers on construction sites is complex, and they lack the necessary fire-fighting knowledge; The fire resistance rating of materials used in temporary buildings on construction sites is generally low; There are many inflammable and combustible materials on the construction site, and the use of fire and electricity is much and nonstandard; The fire-fighting facilities on the construction site are not in place, and the fire-fighting water source is scarce; These hidden dangers lead to a very serious fire safety situation at construction sites, frequent fire accidents, and great social property losses and relatively bad social impact

I. current fire safety status of construction sites

(I) unreasonable construction planning. Due to the limitation of construction site conditions, the basic problems such as fire separation, evacuation routes, emergency exits and fire lanes are ignored in the construction of a large number of temporary buildings on the construction site; Temporary buildings are mostly built with colored steel or foam sandwich panels or other materials, and the fire resistance rating is generally low; Some dormitories have also made "full" use of the temporarily uninhabited rooms into warehouses and kitchens; There are also a large number of combustible materials such as wood on the construction site; The existence of these hidden dangers has greatly increased the fire load, making the construction site show the characteristics of rapid fire, fierce combustion and rapid decline of building support when facing a fire, causing great difficulties in fire fighting and personnel evacuation

(II) the allocation and management of fire-fighting facilities are not in place. Some construction sites have little awareness of fire protection investment. For economic reasons, some construction sites are seriously short of fire-fighting facilities, or even not equipped. Even if equipped, no corresponding personnel were arranged for special management, and no one repaired or replaced the fire-fighting equipment after it was damaged or invalid. In some construction sites, there is neither a fire pool nor a municipal water supply pipe on the site, which makes the fire forces face the embarrassing situation of no water available when fighting fires

(III) weak awareness of fire safety. Many construction units only pay attention to the management of project quality and progress, ignoring the fire safety management. The fire safety system is not implemented, and the management measures are eliminated: first, the activities including material recommendation, structural function design, and on-site process guide plug are dropped to the bottom of the oil cylinder, and the implementation is not in place. The fire safety inspection on the construction site is a mere formality, and the fire safety knowledge training of the construction site personnel is ignored. The appearance of the people on the construction site in contact with the sample is made of sticky soft rubber. Most of the personnel have low education and lack basic fire-fighting knowledge. Some people often connect and pull wires privately according to their needs. High-power electrical appliances such as fast heating and electric heaters are frequently used, especially in summer and winter. The demand for electricity is even stronger. Wires erected privately tend to be overloaded, which is very easy to cause fire accidents due to short circuit and other electrical faults during the peak period of power consumption. After the fire, migrant workers are often unable to deal with the initial fire better

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