Current situation and Countermeasures of packaging

2022-08-13
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Hubei packaging waste recycling status quo countermeasures

with the rapid development of China's economy and the continuous improvement of people's consumption level, packaging waste is growing exponentially. According to statistics, the total amount of packaging waste in China reached 15million tons in 2003. If calculated by the synchronous growth rate of economic growth, the total amount of packaging waste in the country will reach 150million tons in the next 10 years, covering an area of 60000 hectares only. In the process of facilitating people's life and promoting economic development, a large number of packaging waste has also caused serious harm to the environment, and continuously exacerbated the deterioration of the ecological environment. Therefore, under the condition of improving the quality of life and maintaining social needs, effectively reducing, recycling and utilizing packaging waste and curbing pollution are becoming a focus issue in China's sustainable economic development, and also a severe reality that human social progress and development must face

the current situation and harm of packaging waste in Hubei Province

over the past 20 years of reform and opening up, the packaging industry in Hubei Province has grown from small to large, from weak to strong, and has initially developed into a new industrial system integrating scientific research, design, production, education and management, and has gradually developed into an emerging industry in the national economy of the province. According to statistics, in 2003, the packaging industry in Hubei Province achieved a sales revenue of more than 26 billion yuan, accounting for 6.4% of the sales revenue of industrial products that year; Profits and taxes reached 2.25 billion yuan, accounting for 1.98% of the total industrial profits and taxes of the year. Its development speed and economic benefits rank 8th and 12th among nearly 40 industries in the province. However, due to the constraints of capital, technology, management level and other factors, Hubei Province is still at a low level in the organic integration of packaging materials and the environment, as well as in the regeneration research and implementation of ecological cycle. The recycling of packaging waste has also remained at a low level, and the vast majority of packaging waste has not reached the safe, non-toxic and harmless disposal required by environmental protection

first, plastic waste is increasing day by day, and "white pollution" is becoming more and more serious. According to the survey, at present, more than one third of the municipal waste in the province is related to packaging waste, and plastic packaging waste is the main source of packaging waste. It is mainly composed of the following categories:

1. Food and pharmaceutical packaging closely related to citizens' lives, such as various plastic packaging bags, packaging boxes, beverage bottles, detergent bottles, plastic oil barrels, etc

2. Plastic greenhouses, agricultural film, pesticide bottles closely related to production, and waste cement woven bags and strapping belts on construction sites

3. Waste household appliance packaging and cushioning filling materials eliminated by urban residents

4. Medical waste packaging materials such as plastic needle tubes, infusion tubes, plasma bags, etc

among all the municipal solid waste, the real large amount, wide range and the strongest response are undoubtedly all kinds of plastic packaging bags and disposable plastic lunch boxes. According to the consumer department, at present, urban residents in Hubei Province consume more than 3 plastic bags per capita every day. It includes various supermarket shopping bags, milk bags, soymilk bags, instant noodles bags, vegetables, food preservation bags, etc. According to the survey of Wuhan Wushang group, Xudong parity and Carrefour Hongshan Square, the daily consumption of shopping bags is nearly 1million. Secondly, the most common plastic waste is EPS disposable foam plastic lunch box

in recent years, although the state has repeatedly banned the production, sale and use of disposable foamed plastic lunch boxes, EPS foamed plastic lunch boxes in the market have been banned repeatedly for various reasons, and still occupy more than 50% of the market share in some places. Thirdly, the third largest source of packaging waste is all kinds of beverage bottles. Based on the calculation of 2million college, middle school and primary school students in Wuhan, 50 bottles of various beverages are consumed per capita every year. 100million polyester bottles of waste are produced in the city every year, and the actual consumption of the beverage market in the province will exceed 1billion bottles every year

second, it has a serious impact on the ecology and living environment. The harmfulness of a large amount of packaging waste and "white pollution" is quite serious. In addition to the obvious impact on city appearance, unsightly, and often bring adverse visual hazards to people, the deeper reason is that it causes serious pollution and damage to the environment we live in. It will take at least 200 years for plastic packaging to degrade naturally. If it is piled up and stored, it will not only occupy a lot of arable land, but also provide breeding places for rats, mosquitoes, flies and bacteria, which will directly threaten human health; Even if it is incinerated, it will produce a lot of harmful gases such as chloride ions and dioxins if the technology is not appropriate

III. low resource utilization rate and huge economic losses. According to the statistics of the environmental protection department, the direct economic loss caused by packaging waste polluting the environment in Hubei Province is more than 4 billion yuan every year, and the waste value of resources caused by packaging waste that can be used but not fully recycled is as high as 10 billion yuan every year. In the packaging products produced or sold in this province, about 70% of the packaging materials are discarded at will after one-time use every year. If calculated according to the total packaging production of our province in 2003, there will be more than 800000 tons of packaging waste in the province, with an average of about 12 kg per person. In order to eliminate "white pollution", the province has invested a certain amount of human, material and financial resources in recycling and comprehensive treatment, made some attempts, and achieved some successful experience. But on the whole, it still has little effect. Except for waste packaging paper, cans, beer bottles and some polyester bottles, a large number of other glass bottles, EPS foaming materials and waste plastic packaging products are almost ignored

IV. the management of solid waste is gradually improved. First, in recent years, we have finally achieved terminal aluminum foil products such as food foil, pharmaceutical foil and packaging foil; There are also some deformed aluminum alloys. Governments at all levels in Hubei Province have gradually increased investment. The harmless treatment rate of urban garbage has increased from 48.75% in 2002 to 54.2% in 2003, and is expected to reach 60% this year. Second, the management has been continuously strengthened and the safeguard measures have been gradually implemented. Initial results have been achieved in waste incineration for power generation and the production of new packaging materials from waste plastics. Third, develop plastic degradation products - self degradation of waste packaging plastic products to reduce environmental pollution, but it is difficult and the effect is not ideal. At present, there are no products that meet the needs of market competition

the main reasons for the flooding of packaging waste

first, the legislation is lagging behind and the strength is weak. Among the current laws and regulations in China, there is no special legal document to prevent and control "white pollution" and packaging waste. For example, in the law of the people's Republic of China on the prevention and control of solid waste pollution, although the provisions on solid waste are also applicable to the prevention and control of "white pollution", due to the wide variety and extension of solid waste, and there is no provision in the chapter of the law that clearly stipulates that sanctions should be imposed on the acts and consequences that cause "white pollution", there is a lack of pertinence to the prevention and control of "white pollution". Another example is the regulations on the administration of urban appearance and environmental sanitation issued by the State Council, which focuses on regulating domestic waste. Although "white waste" is part of domestic waste, the treatment method of domestic waste is not fully applicable to the prevention and control of "white waste". Because the former focuses on "treatment", while the latter should focus on "recycling". In addition, so far, there is no national regulation on packaging in China, and the legislation on packaging waste recycling is still blank

second, law enforcement pays more attention to "punishment" than "management". There are also big misunderstandings in dealing with "white pollution" and recycling packaging waste for which the experimental machine can't work normally due to too little oil. First, we only pay attention to economic fines and lack legal investigation of illegal acts that cause environmental pollution. Second, it only pays attention to the end management, and ignores the whole process supervision of the whole life cycle of packaging products. Third, the subject of law enforcement is not clear. In terms of the treatment of "white pollution" and the recycling of packaging waste, at present, the subject of law enforcement in our province is not clear, whether it is the head of the environmental protection and sanitation department or the comprehensive Department of resources, thus forming an embarrassing situation of "Whoever cares, whoever cares"

third, cleaner production "promotes" rather than "advances". Strengthening the recycling of packaging waste is not only one of the important links to achieve cleaner production, but also a win-win strategy that can take into account economic development and environmental protection. However, in the process of implementing the recycling of packaging waste in our province, there are still many obstacles at the government management level, the enterprise management level and even the mass consumption level. The cleaner production promotion law also has problems such as unclear law enforcement subjects and weak operability, forming a situation of "promotion" rather than "progress"

basic ideas for developing Hubei's green packaging industry

Hubei's green packaging industry should adapt to the strategy of the rise of central China, take the road of circular economy development based on improving resource utilization efficiency and protecting the environment, and always adhere to the basic principles of reduction, reuse and recycling in all links from product design to raw material selection, production and manufacturing to market circulation, from household consumption to recycling, From the initial stage of packaging development to attaching great importance to the protection of the ecological environment, so as to find a sustainable development road suitable for the provincial situation

according to this principle, the general idea of developing the green packaging industry in Hubei Province is:

first, adhere to the principle of the unity of packaging development and environmental protection. Sustainable development refers to the development of the ability to meet the needs of contemporary people without endangering the needs of future generations. It emphasizes the coordination between environment and economy, and it pursues the harmony between man and nature. Its essence is that the healthy development of economy must be based on the continuous optimization of the ecological environment. Therefore, in order to develop the green packaging industry in our province, we must take the overall situation into consideration with the idea of "circular economy", practically strengthen the environmental protection and ecological construction of light aggregate and its experimental method gb/t 17431 (1) 998, and make them closely combine and promote each other, so as to realize the organic unity of economic benefits, social benefits and ecological benefits

second, adhere to the policy of giving priority to prevention, combining prevention and control, and comprehensive treatment. Different from general pollutants, packaging waste may be produced in all links of production, sales, use and circulation. Therefore, in order to reduce and avoid the production of packaging waste and pollutants, we must adhere to the policy of prevention first, prevention and control combined, and comprehensive treatment, and implement the whole process control and comprehensive measurement from the production design, raw material selection, product circulation, after-sales service, recycling and other links, so as to truly meet the requirements of environmental protection and promote the recycling of resources

third, promote cleaner production and oppose excessive packaging. At present, the fundamental reason why Hubei packaging waste seriously pollutes the environment is that most enterprises have failed to fundamentally get rid of the extensive management mode, the structure is unreasonable, the technical equipment is backward, the raw material consumption is high, the waste is large, and the resource utilization rate is low. Packaging enterprises should vigorously promote cleaner production, make great efforts in practical packaging, multi-functional packaging, and multiple recycling packaging, minimize the use of packaging materials from the source, and resist all excessive packaging and high packaging costs

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